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 From the 1854 Gazetteer of the United States .......
CHATHAM - a county forming the E. extremity of Georgia, bordering on the sea, has an area of 358 square miles. The Savannah river forms its boundary on the N. E. and the Ogeechee on the S. W. The surface is level, and partly occupied by swamps. The soil near the rivers is rich, adapted to the cultivation of rice; other parts are sandy and sterile. Cotton, Indian corn, rice, and fruits of various kinds are cultivated. In 1850 this county produced 580 bales of cotton; 57,427 bushels of corn; and 19,453,750 pounds of rice. It contained 3 brick-yards, and 1 sash and blind manufactory; 14 churches, 4 newspaper establishments; 80 pupils attending public schools, and 457 attending academies or other schools. It is intersected by the Central Railroad. Chatham is the most populous county in the state. Capital city, Savannah. Population, 23,901, of whom 9883 were free, and 14,018, slaves.
{page 222, Baldwin, Thomas and J. Thomas, M.D., New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States, Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Grambo, & Co., 1854}

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